[By Lara Keller, last updated 6th May 2017]
List of Significant ISSG Communiques and UN Resolutions on Syria:
Action Group for Syria, Final Geneva Communiqué, 30.06.2012 :
https://www.un.org/News/dh/infocus/Syria/FinalCommuniqueActionGroupforSyria.pdf Geneva Communique demands implementation Six Point Peace Plan (https://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/documents/six_point_proposal.pdf), defines transition to democratic system and the need for stability.
Full Text of Statements From the International Syria Support Group: http://www.rbs0.com/Wien20151030.html Includes Vienna Communique 30.10.2015 lists issues agreed on, a weaker version of earlier Geneva Communique. Vienna Communique 14.11.2015 welcomed order to”accelerate planning for supporting the implementation of a nationwide ceasefire”.
Security Council UN Resolutions: Generally language of resolutions give false impression that Assad regime and (minority of) extremist opposition groups are equally to blame, due to bias in Security Council to Russia and China.
Resolution 2042 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2042%282012%29 Decides observer force.
Resolution 2043 (2012): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2043%282012%29 Decides UN Supervision Mission in Syria.
Resolution 2118 (2013): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2118%282013%29 Decides Syrian Government (Assad Regime) must not “develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile or retain chemical weapons”. If non compliance then will impose UN Chapter VII measures ( https://www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-vii/ ) that authorize force to restore international peace and security. Authorizes destruction of Syrian Government chemical weapons.
Resolution 2139 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2139%282014%29 demands access for humanitarian aid, only further steps if non-compliance.
Resolution 2178 (2014): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2178%282014%29 condemns terrorism.
Resolution 2249 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2249%282015%29 condemns terrorism.
Resolution 2254 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2254%282015%29 endorses ISSG and communiques. Calls for cease fire.
Resolution 2258 (2015): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2258%282015%29 concern for humanitarian situation, refugees, extremists.
Resolution 2268 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2268%282016%29 Calls for cease fire and humanitarian access.
Resolution 2328 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2328%282016%29 Demands evacuations and humanitarian access.
Resolution 2332 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2332%282016%29 Notes aid needs, and threatens further measures humanitarian access denied.
Resolution 2336 (2016): http://undocs.org/S/RES/2336%282016%29 Reaffirms ISSG Geneva Communique and welcomes efforts by Turkey and Russia to end violence.
UN General Assembly Resolutions: Generally more accurate about Syria, ascribing the vast majority of human rights abuses to the Syrian Government (Assad Regime), due to General Assembly not been dominated by superpowers in contrast to the Security Council.
UN General Assembly Resolutions 253/66 (2012): https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/66/253%20B Deep concern of lack of implementation of six point peace plan by Security Council (https://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/documents/six_point_proposal.pdf).
United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 183/67 (2012): https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/67/183 Condemns human rights abuses in Syria.
United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 262/67 (2013): https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/67/262 Concern human rights situation in Syria, and lack accountability.
United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 189/69 (2014): https://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/69/189 Grave concern human rights situation in Syria, and gives support for Commission of Inquiry.